Introduction To Nepalese Politics: For A Conclusion / by Thomas-Xavier Christiane


Politics in Nepal is a Himalayan story. It has nothing to do with yaks, mountains and “mindfulness”. It’s about politics. It’s about people judging each other. It’s about egocentricism and it’s about control. This political campaign has had its loads of atrocities. During this period, because of disagreements whitin the society, a significative number of people had been assassinated. A few days after I met Gagan Thapa he was hit by a bomb blast that injured 11 peoples. He survived with minor injuries and two of the injured stayed in the hospital for several days.

«  Anil Sharma was not elected but the communists won the country. »


One year after, I went back to Nepal. Kp Sharma Oli was ruling again and the communists were in power. In the diners and concerts, the political conversations were about two things. The first was that the government was increasing the regulations. For some it meant that the country was able to take control by itself. This was seen by the supporters as the beginning of “ development “. For others, it meant more taxes… The second thing was the increasing Chinese influence in Nepal. The nation in the North was increasing its investments in Nepal for the development of infrastructures. In the real world, this meant the opening of a series of construction sites all around the city. This was seen as positive because it would mean that people would have a better access to things. In some areas of Nepal, the locals were not assured of having food every day because of the quality of the roads. The negative side was that the new roads would cross some of the most beautiful places of the world. This was not a good news for tourists. No one likes to have a highway on his selfie in the Himalaya…. And tourism was one of the most profitable business of Nepal.

The accession to power by the communists was also creating a certain inconvenience. During the civil war that opposed the communists to the government, many human right abuses were committed by the communist militants. The peace agreement was based on reconciliation and, therefore, no one would be trialed for the crimes committed during the war. For the victims, the government had to give compensation for those who had the courage to follow a series of psychologically difficult administrative procedures. But the problem was that, with the Maoists in power, the people who were supposed to give the compensation were those, among others, sharing the detail of allegations for the crimes committed.

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